Understanding the meaning and usage of the different parts of speech (nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections) is the primary step in learning grammar. It helps in the systematic study of the fundamentals of Grammar, which in turn will aid in the co-ordination of linguistic skills necessary for particular patterns of expression. It is learnt that the subject and verb coordination is of paramount importance while we construct a sentence in the process of writing or in our conversation.
While the declarative and imperative sentences end with a period (full stop), the interrogative has a question mark (?) and exclamatory sentences has an exclamation mark (!) in the end of the sentences.
The important complementary elements in a sentence are phrases and clauses. Phrases may function as nouns, adjectives or adverbs. The clauses may be main clauses and subordinate clause. Understanding and identifying different subordinate clauses like noun clause, adjective clause and adverb clause would enable the learners to differentiate as well as construct simple, compound and complex sentences easily. This in turn will help in improving the writing and communication skills.
Again, the change of active voice into passive voice and the importance of their usage are also dealt in the unit, while changing the active voice into passive voice, the meaning and the tense of the sentence do not change.
It is also important to understand and learn the different degrees of comparison and their appropriate use in the context, which is aptly dealt in this unit. Furthermore, the introduction of direct and indirect speech is a connection to the way we converse.
It is learnt that while we report any precisely written or told sentence (dialogue), we have to make some changes in our report. The most important change is that of distance. While converting the direct speech into indirect, the tenses and distance change but the meaning of the sentence remains the same.
Finally, the question tag and their usage are learnt. They are essential in the conversational English. Once we learn their right usage, it is easy to develop fluency in our day-to-day conversations.
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